What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are fragrant oils produced in the flower’s resin glands, or trichomes, the same place cannabinoids like THC and CBD are created. Terpenes are the reason some buds smell like blueberries and others are as pungent and sour as a skunk. Every strain has its own unique terpene profile.
Terpenes work by binding to receptors in the brain to produce different effects. Similar to how cannabinoids interact with the body, terpenes also interact with the endocannabinoid system.
There are over 100 different terpenes, and they are categorized as either primary or secondary. Cannabis is not the only plant with terpenes; aromatic herbs, flowers, and fruit also contain terpenoids which give them their distinct smells. In nature, a plant’s terpenes have evolutionary purposes, such as to deter predators like insects or to protect plants from other environmental stressors.
Different types of Terpenes and what they help with:
Humulene has a woody, earthy aroma that is common in hops, cilantro, and basil. It has anti-inflammatory properties that can aid in pain relief. It is also a known appetite suppressant.
Terpinolene can be found in conifer trees, as well as apples, cumin, and nutmeg. It has sedating effects and tons of potential medical value, including antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.
Myrcene has an earthy, musky scent and is also present in Mangos, lemongrass, thyme, and hops. Myrcene is a terpene that will help for insomnia and anxiety but it also has therapeutic value for pain and inflammation and has antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Limonene has a citrus aroma that is also found in fruit rinds, rosemary, juniper, and peppermint. Limonene is known for its “upper” effects and helps to elevate mood and relieve stress. Therefore, it is believed to be beneficial for anxiety and depression as well as inflammation and pain.
A-Pinene has a sharp, pine aroma. Its found in pine needles but it is present in rosemary, basil, parsley, and dill as well. It is a bronchodilator so it can help with asthma.
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